Bundaberg city lies on the Burnett River, approximately 385 kilometres north of Brisbane and 15 kilometres inland from the coast. Bundaberg is a major centre within Queensland's Wide Bay-Burnett and Fraser Coast region.
Bundaberg is dependent to a large extent on the local sugar industry. Extensive sugar cane fields are present throughout the district and value-adding operations, such as the milling and refinement of sugar, and its packaging and distribution, are located around Bundaberg.
Tourism is an important industry to Bundaberg and is known as the 'Gateway to the Great Barrier Reef'. Bundaberg city lies near the southern end of the reef in proximity to Lady Elliot and Lady Musgrave Islands. The world famous Mon Repos turtle rookery is located on the coast just east of Bundaberg, as is the town of Bargara, an increasingly popular holiday and retirement destination. Bundaberg has a subtropical climate with hot summers and mild winters.
Bundaberg is serviced by several Queensland Rail passenger trains, including the Tilt Train and is approximately four and a half hours north of Brisbane by rail. Bundaberg is also served by Bundaberg Airport, with flights to Brisbane and Lady Elliot Island. Bundaberg Port is located 20 kilometres northeast of the city, at the mouth of the Burnett River.